The presidential election of 1800 was conducted from October 31 to December 3. At that time, each elector had two votes, ostensibly one for president and one for vice-president, but there was no distinguishing between the votes. Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, Jr. running as Democratic-Republicans garnered more votes than did incumbent John Adams and C.C. Pinckney, Federalists. But Jefferson and Burr were tied at 73 votes each.
The determination of the country’s next President fell to the House of Representatives. On February 17, 1801 on the thirty-sixth ballot, they elected Thomas Jefferson, and he became President at the March 4 Inaugural, with Aaron Burr becoming Vice-president.
Jefferson ultimately served two terms and history remembers him as one of the nation’s best presidents. Burr served one term only and lives in history under a cloud, as he was tried but not convicted of treason. Burr is also remembered for having killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel which was fought while Burr was Vice-president.